Even before news broke of the Equifax credit bureau cybersecurity breach that compromised confidential data of 143 million people, aerospace and defense contractors knew they must step up their efforts to protect digitized information. Dec. 31, 2017, is the deadline for compliance with Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations Supplement (DFARS) (https://goo.gl/eoyMEs) that specifies safeguarding covered defense information (CDI) and reporting cyber incidents (computer network, data breaches).
CDI is the unclassified but controlled technical information a contractor collects, develops, receives, transmits, uses, or stores in support of Department of Defense (DOD) contracts. Any document, data, or computer program for describing or manufacturing a part for a defense contract must have controls on its dissemination and protection from unauthorized access.
Information systems must meet the security requirements in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication (SP) 800-171 Revision 1, “Protecting Controlled Unclassified Information in Nonfederal Information Systems and Organizations.” It defines 14 categories listing 110 security requirements for protecting controlled unclassified information (CUI) – information not officially classified, but still legally requiring safeguarding (https://goo.gl/sP9eZX). The requirements describe access control, training, audits, identification and authentication, incident response, system maintenance, media and communications protection, and more.
I sense that many smaller defense subcontractors are scrambling to meet the year-end deadline, evidenced by recent webinars devoted to NIST SP 800-171. The good news is that experts say the government doesn’t expect companies to have every one of the requirements in place, but companies must have plans and documentation showing they will be compliant when entering into contracts in the new year.
The bad news is that all suppliers in a defense contract must implement the 110 security controls.
Bruce Parkman, CEO of defense cybersecurity firm MainNerve (www.mainnerve.com), says that to minimize the cost of compliance, companies should segregate and limit access to information – ideally to one, non-networked computer and only two people.
It’s no great stretch to imagine NIST requirements being expanded beyond defense contracts. With widely dispersed intellectual property (IP) at risk, having an in-depth cybersecurity action plan spelling out CUI protection makes sense for commercial aerospace contractors, too. I expect to see more upper-tier companies require NIST 800-171 compliance as proof that their suppliers are adequately addressing cybersecurity. – Eric
The MX-520 PC4 four-pallet automated version of the MX-520 single table 5-axis vertical machining center is equipped with 90 tools and a Universal Robot Interface.
The rigid system maintains offers a large machining envelope and multiple configurations.
Designed with a RAM type structure, the MX-520 has a compact footprint allowing rapid setup and processing of complex parts. CAMplete TruePath software – an integrated suite of G-code editing, optimization, analysis, and verification tools – is standard.
A Fanuc 31i 15" touch panel is integrated with Matsuura software.
The Matsuura MAXIA 12,000rpm high-torque spindle is standard. A 187.0Nm motor is available to machine hard-to-cut materials, and a 20,000rpm, 108.7Nm spindle for high-speed aluminum parts machining is an option.
Matsuura Machinery USA Inc.
Available in 150mm and 200mm projection lengths, EPB 5831 slim hydraulic chucks feature slender profiles for semi-finishing and finishing operations in confined spaces.
With the turn of one pressurized screw, the high-pressure hydraulic chucks uniformly grip small-diameter cutting tools. Secure clamping offers precision and repeatability along with runout of less than 5µm at 3xD.
The EPB 5831 accommodates 6mm, 8mm, 10mm, and 12mm tool diameters, and with the use of reduction sleeves, the chuck holds various shank types and diameters. The chucks are available in HSK-A63, HSK-A100, BT 40, and Seco-Capto C5 machine side connections.
Seco Tools LLC
HydroFlow’s SumpDoc inline fluid reclamation machine has been modified and downsized so an operator can push it easily from location to location.
The SumpDoc provides coolant restoration and rejuvenation treatment of metalworking fluids in the machine tool sump with minimal operator interaction. There is no interruption in the production cycle or need to transport fluids. The portable device, an alternative to a central fluid recycling system or batch processing, can be wheeled next to a machine tool, parts washer, or rinse tank for fluid reclamation.
Airbus Perlan Mission II soared to 52,172ft above the Patagonia region of Argentina on Sept. 3, 2017, sending an engineless aircraft to the edge of space and setting a new world altitude record for gliding.
“We are celebrating an amazing victory for aerospace innovation and scientific discovery today, and we’re so thankful to all the volunteers and sponsors whose years of tireless dedication have made this achievement possible,” says Ed Warnock, CEO of the Perlan project. The project is supported by Airbus and more than 35 aerospace sponsors, equipment, service, and institutional donors.
“With every Airbus Perlan Mission II milestone, we continue to learn more about how we can fly higher, faster, and cleaner. But we also learn that aviation still has the power to surprise us, thrill us, and motivate us to find new frontiers of endeavor,” says Airbus CEO Tom Enders.
Chief pilot Jim Payne and co-pilot Morgan Sandercock surpassed the previous 50,727ft world record for glider altitude set in 2006 in the unpressurized Perlan 1 by project founder Einar Enevoldson and lead project sponsor Steve Fossett.
The Perlan initiative (https://goo.gl/LKMWze) uses rising air currents in the Andes Mountains to reach the stratosphere. Ultimately, Perlan Project team members hope to reach 90,000ft, a world altitude record for any wing-supported flight, with or without an engine. www.perlanproject.org
A Sikorsky VH-92A configured engineering development test aircraft completed its first flight in support of the U.S. Marine Corps’ presidential helicopter replacement program.
The VH-92A is powered by GE Aviation’s CT7-86A engine, built in Lynn, Massachusetts.
“Having independently tested the aircraft’s components and subsystems, we are now moving forward to begin full aircraft system qualification via the flight test program,” says Spencer Elani, director VH-92A program at Sikorsky.
The VH-92A, based on the S-92A commercial aircraft, recently surpassed 1 million flight hours. Assembled in Coatesville, Pennsylvania, it is being modified to include integration of government-defined mission systems and an executive interior.
The $1.24 billion engineering and manufacturing development contract awarded in 2014 will produce two test and four production aircraft, with plans for the helicopter to enter service in 2020 transporting the U.S. president, vice president, and other officials. www.ge.com/aviation; www.lockheedmartin.com/sikorsky
Thermal spray coating products manufacturer Stronghold Coating Systems has opened a 5,000ft2 facility to produce its MM1018 load bearing repair product. U.S. Congressman Warren Davidson (R-Troy, Ohio) helped to christen the Franklin, Ohio, facility with a ribbon-cutting. Doubling the custom polymeric products and process development company’s size, the facility will house production, engineering, research and development, shipping and receiving, and corporate offices.
“With the added room, our production team can manufacture and ship product without impeding on the space that our technical team requires as they work to solve complex wear or corrosion problems,” says Larry Grimenstein, Stronghold Coating Systems’ president.
Stronghold thermal coatings for
The Handtmann Group has sold Handtmann A-Punkt Automation GmbH and its foreign companies in the U.S., Russia, and China to Managing Director Armin Walther.
Walther, who was named managing director of Handtmann A-Punkt Automation in June, says the buyout gives the new company, A-Punkt Automation GmbH, more agility to operate in an intensely competitive and changing market.
Walther has served in managerial roles with global surface finishing and machine tool companies for 20 years – 13 years as a managing director. www.handtmann.de
Gisbert Ledvon has been hired as business development manager in North America for Heidenhain Corp.’s TNC (CNC) controls. With more than 20 years of corporate industrial machine business experience including managerial positions with GF Machining Solutions (formerly AgieCharmilles), Ledvon will lead a team of 5-axis machining, programming, and technology specialists in Schaumburg, Illinois. www.heidenhain.us
Technological change can upend established markets, bringing smaller companies to prominence while giants fall. Just ask Nokia and Ericsson, the Scandinavian companies that once dominated the cell phone market. Richard Chen, chairman of Taiwan-based machine tool manufacturer YCM, says the movement to connect machine tools with computer networks to gain manufacturing insights could be as disruptive as the move from standard cell phones to smart phones – a movement that could carry Taiwan’s tool industry from price-based competition to prominence in the market.
“In the past, Taiwan tool makers focused on jobs shops or Tier 3 and Tier 4 suppliers to industries,” Chen says. “Now, we’re moving toward Tier 1s and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). At YCM, we’ve developed our connectivity platform internally so we can compete not just on cost but on connectivity, communications, and other features.”
Jimmy C.Y. Chu, chairman of the machine tool conglomerate Fair Friend Group (FFG) – a company whose brands include Feeler, Mag, Pfiffner, and SNK – says Taiwan’s machine tool producers have historically been small businesses, but that is changing with his company and others becoming more aggressive in recent years by purchasing European and Japanese companies. Those purchases, he adds, have accelerated the technological capabilities of many Taiwanese manufacturers, allowing them to better compete globally.
“Industry 4.0 is a great opportunity to expand globally. A lot of people talk about connectivity and Big Data, but no one knows what it’s going to look like, so everyone has a shot at presenting their vision of what future machine tools should be,” Chu says.
With a massive global backlog of unbuilt planes and new technologies making production more difficult, many of the Taiwanese tool companies have targeted aerospace as a growth industry. APEC, a subsidiary of the Tongtai Group, gets about 60% of its revenues from aerospace and hopes to grow that figure, says Lynn Yen, business planning officer.
“Precision and quality are key in aerospace,” Yen says. “You can’t compete in these markets solely on costs, so a strong showing in aerospace is an indication that our equipment truly is world class.”
In Taichung, Taiwan, the island nation’s manufacturing hub, dozens of machine tool producers fill 20 industrial parks. Driving North on the Sun Yat-sen Freeway/National Highway No. 1 from Taichung to the city’s outskirts, billboards advertising rotary tables and IP 67-rated connectors sit alongside advertisements for restaurants. That concentration of expertise has long been a strength for the nation’s tool business says Edward Yang, chairman of the Goodway Machine Tools Group.
“We do most of what we need in-house, but within 30 minutes to an hour, I have access to any material or part or R&D capability,” Yang says.
YCM’s Chen says a key in increasing the technological capabilities of Taiwanese machine tools is to lean on the expertise of another major industry on the island – computer chips. Most of the world’s mother boards use Taiwanese chipsets from Asus, Acer, and others, and the country’s high-tech industry has pushed into cell phones with HTC and others selling globally.
Chen says chipmakers and machine tool companies have not traditionally worked closely with each other, but that’s changing as tool producers seek high-tech monitoring and communications systems.
Femco, a machine tool producer on the southern end of the island, recently worked with a Taiwanese university professor to develop a metrology system to monitor machine performance on its 5-axis machines. That professor’s expertise came entirely from chip production, but those skills applied easily to cutting systems.
“It’s a self-learning system that measures machining information at the controller, compares those results to metrology results, and over time, determines how machining process data affects quality,” says Raymond Lin, deputy manager of Femco international sales and marketing. “The system can adjust machine parameters to compensate for quality, based on those process data results.”
Taiwan’s largest tool makers hope to show their progress on Industry 4.0/Industrial Internet of Things technologies at EMO Hannover in September, with most companies displaying products and FFG reserving an entire hall to house its stable of brands.
Fair Friend Group
Goodway Machine Tool Group
About the author: Robert Schoenberger is an editor at AM&D. He can be reached at 216.393.0271 or firstname.lastname@example.org.